The factors that affect someone’s blood alcohol concentration (BAC) are many and varied. The amount of alcohol consumed, the type of drink, the potency of the drink, genetics, gender, and age all play a role in how quickly a person will get drunk. And then there is bodyweight which also plays an important factor in determining how much alcohol to consume for each individual. There are numerous other factors as well which can influence BAC levels such as food intake, medications taken, and even exercise done before drinking.
For example, if a person is experiencing an anxiety disorder that causes them to drink alcohol to alleviate the symptoms of their condition they will be drinking at a more rapid pace than someone who does not have this problem. The same can be said for those with depression and bipolar disorders. In these cases, it’s important to get professional help before drinking as there are medications that may need adjusting in order for a person to enjoy the effects of alcohol safely without risking serious side effects.
It is important to note that there are many factors that can influence BAC levels and some of these may be outside the control of an individual. For instance, where a person drinks alcohol will change their level as well since different sources contain varying amounts of alcohol. In addition, how much food has been consumed before drinking will also impact blood-alcohol concentration. This is because it takes more time for the body to digest certain foods which slow down absorption rates which in turn affects the amount present within our system at any given moment.”
The following three points don’t affect someone’s bac:
location they drink, what they eat beforehand, and whether or not they exercised prior to consuming alcohol. However, other factors do come into play such as medications which may alter the rate at which alcohol is processed by our system. Other factors that come into play are medications that may alter how quickly alcohol is metabolized by an individual.
One factor that impacts a person’s blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) is medication usage; some types of medicines can speed up the processing of alcoholic drinks while inhibiting others from doing so.”Medications such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen also inhibit the production of certain enzymes in your body that break down alcohol. This means it will take longer for your body to process the drink, which leads to a higher BAC.”
Another factor is how much food someone has eaten prior to consuming alcoholic drinks. “For example, when you have not eaten anything before drinking and then consume more than two servings of hard liquor (80 proof), you are at high risk for alcohol poisoning because the toxic levels in your system can be fatal without medical treatment.”
This isn’t all though–there’s also physical activity level after consumption as well as other factors such as medications that may alter how quickly an individual metabolizes certain substances like chemicals found in alcoholic beverages or those consumed with them,” says Dr. Colleen Karlo-Brown from the Nationwide Children’s Hospital.
An individual’s tolerance to alcohol is another factor that can affect how quickly they reach a BAC, as well as their body weight and sex which are other factors influencing the effect that alcohol has on a person.”
A study showed “moderate drinkers” were able to walk in an unsteady fashion – but still upright- after consuming two drinks within 45 minutes (the average time it takes for someone to reach legally drunk levels). The moderate drinkers had normal vital signs like blood pressure and pulse rates than those who drank more heavily.
“Heavy drinkers,” who had consumed four drinks within one hour, showed signs of being impaired like poor coordination and slurred speech. They also had higher blood alcohol levels than moderate drinkers. The study shows that tolerance to alcohol can have an effect on how long someone has before they reach a BAC, as well as their body weight and sex which are other factors influencing the effects that alcohol has on people. Alcohol’s effects vary depending on these different circumstances which is why it might be difficult to determine what each person will do once he or she reaches 0.08 percent – legally drunk in most states- from just looking at him/her alone.